Liverpool is a very old city, rich in tradition and history. Next to London, it’s probably the most famous city in the United Kingdom. In modern times, it’s best known for being the home of the Beatles, but Liverpool’s history goes back a lot further than the 1960s!

While settlements in the area go back as far as Roman times, the origin of Liverpool as a city is the early 12th Century, when King John formally established the creation of a new borough called Livpul. The original name is thought to have meant “muddy pool.” In 1235 Liverpool Castle was built, which was used for troops on their way to Ireland.


In its early days, Liverpool was a small town whose inhabitants were mainly farmers and fishermen. By the 1600s, the town still only had a population of around 2,000. Being a port, however (situated near the Mersey river), it always had the potential for growth through trade.

At first, trade was mainly with Ireland, but in the 17th Century, as the colonies in North America and the West Indies quickly grew, Liverpool began to become an important port.

By the early 19th Century, Liverpool was a thriving city with a population of 77,000, second only to London. Along with its growth, however, it faced challenges such as the cholera epidemics of the mid-1800s. In 1857, the city established a municipal water supply that helped to improve health and sanitation.

In the 20th Century, Liverpool began to come into its own as a truly modern city. Several important buildings were erected – The Cunard Building, the Port of Liverpool building and the Tower Building. The Queensway road tunnel was built in 1934.

Both of the world wars took their toll on Liverpool. More than 13,000 of the cities residents died in World War l. In World War ll, the city was attacked several times and many people were killed and homes destroyed. Afterwards, the city faced the task of rebuilding itself, along with dealing with problems such as poverty.

In recent years, Liverpool, like much of the world, has had to overcome economic adversity in the form of several recessions. Yet it has also continued to modernise and has made efforts to attract tourists. The Institute For Performing Arts, The Tate Gallery of Modern Art and the Merseyside Maritime Museum are among the attractions that bring visitors to Liverpool.